As I approach my 57th year, there are a few things I want to check as far as my health is concerned because I am constantly reminded of it everyday. First, I witness how the body deteriorates as it ages and illnesses and diseases do not discriminate. Broken bones, Stroke, heart failures, infections, cancers, hernias, back pains, leg numbness, circulation problems are but a few of the conditions that debilitate a person. It just so happens these start appearing at my age or close to my age.
Second, I do feel the impact of my diabetes type 2. Depending on what I eat or do, I see its effect on my daily lifestyle. If I eat lots of carbs I get sleepy and lazy. If I don’t move or exercise, I feel sluggish. It is like a devilish cycle which I need to break each day. This can affect my mood, my productivity, my joy in life, my outdoorsy lifestyle.
Third, maintaining ideal body weight can become a struggle as I age perhaps due to a slower metabolism. Some textbooks blame the depletion of testosterone. My labile weight shows me how easy it is for one to gain and how hard to lose what has been gained. Weight, especially over a certain threshold, can damage one’s performance in daily routines. This is just one effect among many others.
Fourth, I am glad I have managed to push off alcohol, cigarettes, drugs through all these years because I am a witness to their devastating effects. I’ve treated victims of alcohol and cigarette withdrawals, people who overdosed. I treated a person who got so drunk and stayed in one position for days without stirring leading to rhabdo. Or a fellow who got so inebriated he fell asleep on railroad tracks awakened by spontaneous limb amputation. None of these are a joke my friends.
Fifth, it doesn’t mean that because I have avoided high risk behaviors and kept my weight under control and remained active I become totally protected from illnesses and diseases. There are situations beyond one’s control. One is accident. Another is a fall. Worst is stupidity of carelessness.
I’ve witnessed all of them.
I have my own stupidity - I have done running too long too fast too soon which was a sure ticket to injury.
And the others’ mistakes: I have treated people who dehydrated under the sun and fainted. Followed by UTI.
People who vacationed from the cold north to hot south and played golf the whole day and BAM! Stroke.
People who stood up on a step to change bulbs, on ladders to put shutters or Christmas deco or take something off the cupboard and then slipping and falling and sustaining a broken bone. Or brain hemorrhage. Or spinal injuries.
Slip and fall in the bathroom and kitchen due to water on the floor, slip and fall in the living room and bedroom due to rugs, slip and fall in shopping malls and parking lots, slip and falls everywhere because of medical conditions like abnormal heart beats, low sugar, anemia, etcetera, and very very very poor balance. And judgement.
How about this? A lady tried to avoid parading ducks in a park by walking backwards and fell back right on the spot breaking a hip.
Fall from a bike or a machine or a boat or anything moving while exercising. And to think exercise is a healthy activity. Right? Not really. It can be fatal if overdone, or performed with poor warm ups, poor techniques, ignoring warning signs such as dizziness or chest pains or sudden shortness of breath while trying to keep up with Mr Olympics in the gym. Or pretending to be Mr Bolt in sprinting. Yup - we all had been there.
Of course there is self-neglect: failing to medicate to control hypertension, afib, sugar, thyroid, anything that requires self management.
And not the least - stress. I cannot emphasize this enough. Stress is as bad as other medical conditions. Stress can increase heart rate, blood pressure, blood sugar due to adrenaline release.
At my age, I always remind myself that good health is a lifetime enjoyment but it requires work. You can’t be careless in life, live sedentary , be stressed constantly and expect a good life. Earlier in my career, I have chosen to cut down work so I can focus on active lifestyle, pursue things that give me fulfillment and happiness and limiting situations and people that give me undue stress. I may be poor but contented. And that is what matters the most.
That is my annual self checklist.
For the last couple of years I have been planning on resuming my half marathons but school and work virtually wiped all my free time.Then I was diagnosed with diabetes (something I expected due to family history). Then a family member got sick so I had to be a caregiver in my own home. The half-marathon training was placed at a standstill.
But my work as a Physical Therapist continues, albeit as per diem (after 20 years of full time). I work in an acute trauma hospital. I used to be the official ‘floater’, one who gets assigned anywhere there is a need for PT. Recently my daily work is focused on acute-rehab. Each of my patients is required up to 3 hours of rehab per day (with rest during sessions of course) and the main goal for them is home discharge with community/family support.
Every now and then I go out to acute. I have been an acute PT all my life. Two weeks ago I offered a few hours of PT work in a local nursing home close to my place to get acquainted with their software (rehab options). Being a dual degree holder of PT and IT, I am very very interested with the latest apps and softwares being utilized in hospitals and PT-related facilities.
Because I am a lot older now in this business, I feel more inclined to frequently reflect on my job, my patients and myself. My empathy gets the better of me because most of my patients belong to my age now. And I am not far behind from the age-group of my nursing home patients either. There is no day when I am reminded how the patient I am treating now could be me. And lemme tell you, the outlook can be scary with the current healthcare system. Just let me give you this advice : Stay as healthy for as long as you can. It is no fun being old and debilitated and poor and alone during non-productive years.
I am a PT inclined to self-reflection. I check my patients’ labs and make a ‘mental’ data collection and correlation between them and their conditions. For example, if I have 5 patients with acute stroke on one particular day, I take a mental picture of what is common among them. High blood pressure? High sugar? Stress? Heart problems? Weight? Race? Gender? I am focused on stroke because it is one of my most dreaded medical conditions. I also have a family history of it and I know how much it can destroy quality of life in its aftermath.
So far, two significant conditions are prominent in my very unscientific sampling of stroke patients. High blood pressure and high blood sugar. The other thing that I find interesting too is this - a few of these patients stroked out on account of ‘missing’ their meds due to having no money to buy them. I wish all of them rely on the cheaper metformin and lisinopril and generic statin (which you can get free or at only a few dollars in any drugstore) but a lot of them have too many co-morbidities (other medical problems) that need meds as well. I have read ER admission lines that begins with, “The patient developed right-sided weakness, numbness and slurring of speech after missing to take his BP meds for three days”. Delving deeper, and in private conversations, the patient confesses with extreme embarrassment that, “I could not afford all my pills.”
Then I sit down and reflect on this. If this patient cannot afford a few dollars worth of medicine, how in the world can he afford healthy food, fitness gyms, nutritionist? We can create all these wonderful gadgets and apps but this particular patient in my list will have the remotest chance to avail them. And so, I sit down with this patient and talk.
Talking about healthy lifestyle with patients sometimes feels like talking to the choir. Sometimes I get dumbfounded reactions. Sometimes I see bored faces. Occasionally I see a face lighting up with new understanding.
But it is a good start.
I often wonder how Hippocrates and Florence Nightingale would react to the current healthcare system in the US. Yes, it can be highly advanced thanks to the billions spent for its research and development but what happens to its heart and soul?
It seems to me that being healthy today costs money. I conclude that because that is what I see everyday. Pay premiums to see a Doctor regularly, buy meds, healthy food will cost money, being fit may cost extra more in joining a gym and that precludes the training and diet programs guaranteed to work if you’d let the ‘experts’ manage your lifestyle for a fee (of course). Health Coach, Fitness Coach, Personal Trainer, Nutritionist, heck, even a personal Physical Therapist can be available to trim your body good for a fee.
And I certainly do not think all this is bad - if you have the resources please use all the experts to keep healthy. But the real question is : what happens to those who can’t afford any of these?
This is where the problem of present day health care system lies : the propagation of the belief that ‘someone can manage my health as long as I hire the right expert’. In other words, a lot of people believe that no matter how unhealthy they live, it is ok since there is a Doctor or a Specialist or a pill for that. Much like saying, ‘don’t worry about your problem, there is an app for that’.
Surprisingly, not all medical problems can be solved medically or surgically. In fact, most of the health related problems of the USA are lifestyle related and can be resolved through lifestyle changes. It goes without saying that a lot of our medical conditions are better treated behaviorally than medically.
Just look: type 2 diabetes, heart disease, certain cancers, kidney disease, depression, stroke, obesity - these top killers are reducible by lifestyle changes. And you don’t need thousands of dollars to manage those changes. Stop smoking, eat proper food, be active, avoid stress, increase rest, do you really need an expert to handle these?
All you need is discipline, resolve, courage and willingness to adapt and change. Yes. All of these involve behavior modification. And change of life perspective.
Yes Virginia, there are two ways of treating pain in this world. Pill versus no pill. And where do I stand on this?
Obviously I am partial to no-pain-pill approach or I’d be out of a job as a Physical Therapist if pain management rely on drugs alone. It’s undeniable, however, there are conditions when pain pill is necessary. Surgery is one. Or Cancer. Or toothache. Or hospice care. Or palliative care. These are conditions that will make someone suffer immensely without some form of medication. I will be dealing with very angry, screaming, crying, uncooperative patients who are deprived of legitimate pain meds. It can be human abuse and cruelty in fact, if that is the case.
Pain pills depend on the stage of the condition. Acute pain is that period immediately after an injury or malady onward to its resolution. Usually administration of pain should be tapered off as the full recovery is approached. Chronic pain lingers beyond 90 days and the sufferer begins to ask for more doses. Weaning is a hellish nightmare for them. We are talking of addiction. And addiction can have devastating consequences. Let us review some actions and side effects of most common pain meds:
NSAIDS such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) can lead to heart problems in prolonged use. It is worse with Diclofenac (Voltaren). These medications block cyclo-oxiganase(COX2) enzymes that cause pain and inflammation due to overproduction of prostaglandins. Problem is, the inhibition of COX2 is known also to cause stomach problems, indigestion and heart conditions. They also have the ‘ceiling effect’. That means no matter how much dosage you increase the medication, the pain relief will stay the same but the side effects increase. To those who take these mostly over the counter pain pills, please start weaning as soon as possible and try other pain relieving approaches: movement is the best approach. Yoga, meditation, music, heat packs, massage, psychotherapy, PT (of course) are very useful. Better yet, keep moving, nothing can beat movement in the prevention and relief of pain.
Opioids, i.e. Morphine, Oxycodone, Methadone, Codeine are narcotics that can become addictive. Overdosage can lead to respiratory distress, hypotension, dreaded constipation, bowel obstruction, ileus. Opioids work by targeting the root cause of pain in the brain and they don’t have ‘ceiling effect’ which means the higher the dosage, the lesser the pain symptoms (improved analgesic effects). In other words, people can develop high tolerance to these meds which may require higher dosages in future. And that can lead to addiction. It becomes more dangerous when withdrawn - leading to drug withdrawal symptoms. The side-effects alone are enough to frighten anyone using these meds. And though some people legitimately need them at least during the acute phase of their painful conditions, it is imperative to be very vigilant in dosages and time-frame of use. I have had patients who became instant ‘drug-addict suspects’ when they knew more about pain meds than pharmacists :) or when the intensity of their pain is a 10 while laughing or having a pleasant conversation over the phone. Yup - I have no right to treat them differently from my other patients but one should be careful in over-prescribing with inconsistent or non-reliable symptoms. And these are not only limited to patients. They could also be friends and family members. Prescribing pain pills is outside the scope of my practice but these patients should immediately be referred to Pain Management professionals before it’s too late.
Finally, there are drugs that can ‘harness’ the impact of a pain pill. They are antidepressants, anticonvulsants, local anesthetics and corticosteroids. Together with opioids, they provide a maximum analgesic effect. These ‘harnessing’ drugs have side-effects of their own combined with pain meds. Mostly drowsiness, irritability, slow movements and in case of corticosteroids - kidney and liver side-effects.
There are always legitimate conditions that require pain pills. Unfortunately, the current trend points to their overuse and the victims mostly likely did not intend to become drug dependent in the first place. Someone does not wake up in the morning with that goal in mind. The most likely scenario is that he had a pain he needed to address. Temporarily. But the pain becomes chronic (about 90 days) and only the prescription with increased dosage (ceiling effect) would help him make it through each day. When he tries to wean himself off it, he goes through withdrawal. In no time, he would revert back to it to avoid the withdrawal symptoms. The cycle continues. That is addiction.
That prescription pill addict could be me or you or someone we both know, or a parent, sibling, friend co-worker. Pain does not discriminate and there are situations and environments that render one person more susceptible to pain than another.
[The following is copied from PT in Motion] Here are some statistics via The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which released guidelines in March 2016 encouraging health care providers to try safer alternatives like physical therapy for most pain management:
1. In 2012, health care providers wrote 259 million prescriptions for opioid pain medication, enough for every American adult to have their own bottle of pills.
2. As many as 1 in 4 people who receive prescription opioids long term for noncancer pain in primary care settings struggles with addiction.
3. Sales of prescription opioids have nearly quadrupled since 1999.
4. Deaths related to prescription opioids have quadrupled.
5. Heroin-related overdose deaths more than quadrupled between 2002 and 2014, and people addicted to prescription opioids are 40 times more likely to be addicted to heroin.
6. More than 165,000 persons in the United States have died from opioid pain-medication-related overdoses since 1999.
7. Every day, more than 1,000 people are treated in emergency departments for misusing prescription opioids.
Here I am again wearing my PT/health-thinking hat. It had been months since I last wrote anything on my healthysport website. One reason was a visit to the ER due to abscess after my dental work by a Dentist whom I picked out of my HMO insurance catalogue (a stupid move on my part). Told her I was diabetic and isn’t it prudent to err on the side of caution and prescribe me antibiotics as protection? Oh no she said, you look very healthy. No need for meds. Just go to any drug store for any over-the-counter pain meds.
Main lesson here: if you are diabetic, choose your Dentist carefully. I got swollen. I needed IV antibiotics. I lost at least 8 pounds due to inability to eat solid foods. I was not able to run for at least a month.
Thankfully I am now gradually returning to my running routine. I am regaining my old weight bit by bit. I am fully recovered.
I am back to busily wearing different hats - as a programmer, blogger, reader of fantasy novels and PT. I can get overwhelmed sometimes especially when I study a new language and trying to do a complex web app using it. Seriously, if you are new to a computer language, KISS is the first rule. But do I follow this rule? Of course not.
But I feel an update on this site is desperately needed so I’d start with things that I read from PT journals I subscribe to.
Since election is in 4 days, my main area of interest is health care (politically). Clinton’s main thrust is a continuation and tweaking of Obamacare PLUS a public option for insurance which I’d like to see as a preparation for universal healthcare. ALSO, she is floating the idea of dropping Medicare coverage to 55+ which can be awesome for me since I will turn that age next year. If Trump has a better option, and right now all I am hearing is repeal and replace with something ‘better’, I’d go with him. Some of Trump’s health care ideas, like treating premiums as tax deductibles and health care savings and being able to subscribe to insurance across state lines and mandatory transparency on the fees charged by hospitals and clinics (which will stimulate competition and market-driven pricing) are good. But he is also encouraging a ‘pick and choose’ approach for insurance coverage which, in the past had encouraged insurance companies to drop or at least deny some services to people with pre-existing conditions.
That is how I understand the two candidates’ positions on healthcare. Obviously I also take issue with other aspects of their platforms but I’d rather have other websites deal with that. I would like to keep my site health-oriented.
Let me present you some facts(From PT in Motion).
Did you know that :
-- healthcare costs increased an annual average of 2.4 percent from 2003 to 2008 then slowed to 0.7 percent between 2008 to 2012? Is that due to Obamacare, efficient care, electronic record keeping, better negotiations between hospitals and insurance, less sick people, people who would rather die than be hospitalized? What do you think?
--15,781 is the average number of injuries that occur in amusement parks every year for people under 20 that prompt visits to ER, and 8.0 percent of them involve traumatic brain injuries? So parents watch out!
--9.8 percent is the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in the US in 2014 for adults above 18 years old. 23.1 percent (which was the highest prevalence) was among women 65 and over?
--3.7 days was the number of physically inactive days reported by Americans in a 30 day period?
--563 calories was number of calories burned by 180 pound person playing beach volleyball?
--The lowest rate of hospitalization per 1000 Medicare patients in the US was recorded in Hawaii at 28.2, followed by Utah at 34.0, followed by Idaho at 36.4. National average is 62.9. Something must be doing some people good in some states?
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